What are the ICD 10 and 11 Codes for Cannabis Use?

Touseef Riaz

July 1, 2024

cannabis use disorder icd 10

The decriminalization of cannabis in many parts of the world has prompted increased discussion about its potential benefits and risks. As cannabis becomes more accessible, healthcare professionals must diagnose and document cannabis use disorders accurately. The International Classification of Diseases (ICD) system provides standardized codes for various medical conditions, including substance use. In this blog, we’ll explore the cannabis use disorder icd 10 and ICD-11 codes specifically related to cannabis use disorders.

Understanding Cannabis Use Disorders:

Cannabis use disorders encompass a range of problematic behaviors and health issues associated with the use of cannabis. These disorders can vary in severity from mild to severe. They may include symptoms such as impaired control over cannabis use, continued use despite adverse consequences, and withdrawal symptoms. 

ICD-10 Codes for Cannabis Use Disorders:

In the ICD-10 classification system, cannabis-related disorders are categorized under “Mental and Behavioral Disorders” and specifically under the code range F12.0 to F12.9. Here are the relevant ICD-10 codes for cannabis use disorders:

F12.0 – Cannabis abuse

F12.1 – Cannabis dependence

F12.2 – Cannabis dependence syndrome

F12.9 – Cannabis use, unspecified

These codes allow healthcare providers to document various aspects of cannabis use disorders. It includes from abuse to dependence in a standardized manner for billing, research, and clinical purposes.

ICD-11 Codes for Cannabis Use Disorders:

The ICD-11, the latest revision of the International Classification of Diseases, introduced several changes and updates to the classification of substance use disorders, including those related to cannabis. In the ICD-11, cannabis-related disorders are categorized under “Substance Use Disorders” and specifically under the code range 6C4Y. Here are the relevant ICD-11 codes for cannabis use disorders:

6C4Y.0 – Harmful use of cannabis

6C4Y.1 – Cannabis dependence syndrome

6C4Y.Z – Other cannabis-related disorders

Similar to the ICD-10, these codes in the ICD-11 enable healthcare professionals to document different aspects of cannabis-related disorders, including harmful use and dependence, using a standardized coding system.

Further Exploration of ICD-10 and ICD-11 Codes for Cannabis Use Disorders:

  • ICD-10 Codes Breakdown:

F12.0 – Cannabis abuse: This code is used when there is evidence of cannabis use causing significant impairment or distress, but the criteria for dependence are not met.

F12.1 – Cannabis dependence: Healthcare providers use this code when an individual meets the criteria for dependence on cannabis, which includes physiological dependence, tolerance, and withdrawal symptoms.

F12.2 – Cannabis dependence syndrome: Similar to F12.1, this code indicates a diagnosis of cannabis dependence but emphasizes the syndrome aspect, which encompasses a cluster of behavioral, cognitive, and physiological phenomena.

F12.9 – Cannabis use, unspecified: When the specific nature of cannabis use disorder is unclear or not documented, this code is used to indicate cannabis use without specifying whether it’s abuse or dependence.

  • ICD-11 Codes Explained:

6C4Y.0 – Harmful use of cannabis: This code reflects instances where cannabis use leads to physical or psychological harm to the individual, but the criteria for dependence are not met.

6C4Y.1 – Cannabis dependence syndrome: Similar to ICD-10, this code signifies a pattern of cannabis use characterized by impaired control, withdrawal symptoms, and continued use despite adverse consequences.

6C4Y.Z – Other cannabis-related disorders: This code encompasses a range of cannabis-related issues not covered by the previous categories, providing flexibility in documenting diverse presentations and complications associated with cannabis use.

Implications of Accurate Coding

Accurate coding of cannabis use disorders has several important implications:

  1. Clinical Management: Precise coding helps healthcare professionals tailor treatment plans. For example, managing acute intoxication may require different approaches compared to treating a dependence syndrome or a psychotic disorder.
  2. Research and Public Health: Detailed coding enables researchers to track patterns and trends in cannabis use and related disorders. This data is essential for public health initiatives, helping to inform prevention and intervention strategies.
  3. Insurance and Billing: Correct coding ensures healthcare providers are appropriately reimbursed for their services. It also helps reduce administrative errors and streamline the billing process.
  4. Policy Development: Policymakers rely on accurate health data to create informed policies regarding cannabis use. This can include regulations, funding for mental health services, and public awareness campaigns.

Treatment Approaches:

Once a cannabis use disorder is diagnosed using the appropriate ICD-10 or ICD-11 code, healthcare providers can implement evidence-based interventions to address the individual’s needs.

Treatment approaches may include cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT), motivational interviewing, contingency management, and family therapy tailored to the severity of the disorder and the patient’s preferences.

Pharmacotherapy options, such as medications to manage withdrawal symptoms or reduce cravings, may also be considered in some instances. However, there is currently no FDA-approved medication specifically for treating cannabis use disorder.

Collaborative care models involve interdisciplinary teams, including addiction specialists, mental health professionals, primary care physicians, and social workers. 

Prevention and Harm Reduction Strategies:

Beyond treatment, prevention efforts play a crucial role in mitigating the negative consequences of cannabis use disorders. Education campaigns target adolescents and young adults, parents, and educators. It can raise awareness about the risks associated with cannabis use and promote healthy decision-making. As soon as you see any cannabis use disorder symptoms, you should go with its reduction strategy. 

Implementing harm reduction strategies and overdose prevention initiatives can reduce the harms associated with cannabis use, especially among vulnerable populations.

Access to evidence-based prevention programs in schools and communities, coupled with policies that regulate cannabis marketing and sales to minimize youth exposure, can contribute to reducing the prevalence of cannabis use disorders over time.

Research Directions:

Continued research is needed to understand better the underlying mechanisms of cannabis use disorders, including genetic, neurobiological, and environmental factors that contribute to susceptibility and resilience.

Longitudinal studies tracking the trajectories of cannabis use from adolescence to adulthood can elucidate the developmental pathways and identify critical periods for intervention and prevention.

Advances in neuroimaging techniques and biomarker discovery may provide insights into the neuroadaptive changes associated with chronic cannabis use and inform the development of targeted treatments.

Comparative effectiveness research evaluating different treatment modalities and their impact on outcomes. For instance, relapse rates, quality of life, and societal costs can inform evidence-based practice guidelines and resource allocation.

Policy and Advocacy Efforts:

Policymakers play a crucial role in making decisions related to cannabis legalization, taxation, and marketing. Moreover, it helps patients access treatment and prevention services.

Advocacy efforts by healthcare organizations, professional associations, and community groups can influence public policy agendas. Also, it advocates for funding for research and treatment programs and reduces the stigma associated with cannabis use disorders.

Collaborative partnerships between government agencies, academia, industry stakeholders, and advocacy groups can facilitate the implementation of comprehensive strategies. Also, it helps to address cannabis use disorders at the population level.

Challenges in Coding Cannabis Use Disorders

Despite the advancements, several challenges remain in coding cannabis use disorders:

  1. Stigma and Underreporting: Patients may be reluctant to disclose their cannabis use due to stigma, leading to underreporting and inaccurate coding.
  2. Complexity of Symptoms: Cannabis use can present with a wide range of symptoms that overlap with other conditions, complicating the coding process.
  3. Training and Familiarity: Healthcare providers need adequate training to become familiar with the new ICD-11 codes and how to apply them correctly.
  4. Legal and Regional Variations: The legal status of cannabis varies widely across different regions, which can influence how cannabis use disorders are diagnosed and reported.

The Role of Healthcare Providers

This involves:

  1. Thorough Assessment: Conducting comprehensive assessments to identify signs and symptoms of cannabis use and related disorders. This includes taking detailed patient histories, performing physical examinations, and using standardized screening tools.
  2. Patient Education: Educating patients about the potential health risks associated with cannabis use and discussing the importance of accurate reporting for effective treatment.
  3. Confidentiality Assurance: Ensuring patients that their disclosures about cannabis use will be kept confidential can encourage honest communication and accurate coding.
  4. Staying Updated: Staying current with the latest ICD coding practices and guidelines and participating in ongoing education and training.
  5. Interdisciplinary Collaboration: Working closely with other healthcare professionals, including mental health specialists and addiction counselors, to provide holistic care for patients with cannabis use disorders.

Research and Data Collection

Accurate coding is foundational for robust research and data collection. Researchers and public health officials rely on this data to:

  1. Track Prevalence and Trends: Monitor the prevalence of cannabis use and related disorders over time and identify emerging trends.
  2. Evaluate Interventions: Assess the effectiveness of public health interventions and treatment programs to reduce cannabis-related harm.
  3. Inform Policy: Provide evidence-based insights that inform policy decisions and legislative changes regarding cannabis use.
  4. Identify Risk Factors: Investigate the risk factors associated with cannabis use disorders, including genetic, environmental, and social determinants.
  5. Develop New Treatments: Facilitate the development and evaluation of new treatments and interventions for cannabis use disorders.

Impact on Public Health

Public health initiatives can significantly benefit from accurate coding of cannabis use disorders. Effective coding helps in:

  1. Resource Allocation: Ensuring that resources are allocated appropriately to areas and populations most need intervention and support.
  2. Public Awareness Campaigns: Designing targeted public awareness campaigns to educate communities about the risks of cannabis use and promote healthier behaviors.
  3. Early Intervention: Identifying at-risk individuals early and providing timely interventions to prevent the escalation of cannabis use disorders.
  4. Reducing Stigma: Normalizing discussions about cannabis use and mental health can help reduce stigma.

Global Perspective

The approach to diagnosing and coding cannabis use disorders varies globally and is influenced by cultural, legal, and healthcare system differences. Understanding these variations is essential for:

  1. Global Health Initiatives: Developing and implementing global health initiatives that respect and address regional differences in cannabis use and its impact.
  2. International Collaboration: Encouraging international collaboration and knowledge exchange to improve global health outcomes related to cannabis use.
  3. Cultural Sensitivity: Ensuring that coding practices are culturally sensitive and appropriate for different populations.
  4. Harmonizing Standards: Working towards harmonizing diagnostic standards and practices to facilitate better comparison and analysis of global health data.


In short, you have understood about cannabis use disorder icd 10. Addressing cannabis use disorders requires a comprehensive approach that considers cultural, social, and environmental factors. We can improve prevention efforts by embracing a holistic perspective and utilizing innovative strategies. Also, it can help you enhance access to care and promote equitable outcomes for individuals and communities affected by cannabis-related issues. With a commitment to collaboration, compassion, and evidence-based practice, we can make meaningful strides in addressing the challenges posed by cannabis use disorders. You can hire U Control Billing to guide you and provide accurate billing services. 


  • What is the ICD-10 code for Cannabis abuse mood disorder?

The ICD-10 code for Cannabis abuse mood disorder is F12.1.

  • What is the ICD 11 code for cannabis use?

The ICD-11 code for cannabis use is 6A20.

  • What is ICD 9 Cannabis abuse?

ICD-9 doesn’t have a specific code for cannabis abuse, but it may fall under 305.2 for cannabis dependence.

  • What is the ICD-10 code for cannabis-induced psychotic disorder?

The ICD-10 code for cannabis-induced psychotic disorder is F12.5.

  • What is the ICD-10 code for mental and behavioral disorders due to the use of cannabinoids?

The ICD-10 code for mental and behavioral disorders due to the use of cannabinoids is F12.9.

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